Pectoral Sandpiper/Calidris melanotos

L 19-23 cm, WS 38-44 cm. Breeds in N America, NE Siberia. Commonest American vagrant to Britain & Ireland, most records Sep-Oct; in rest of Europe often in May.
IDENTIFICATION: Slightly larger than Dunlin, with rather short, slightly decurved pale-based bill; general shape and flight pattern recall small Ruff, particularly when alert and adopts erect stance with neck stretched. In all plumages, has sharply demarcated gorget of streaks coming to point in centre of breast (belly thus unmarked), and pale legs tinged yellowish (at times more grey-green). - Adult summer: Like juvenile, but rusty fringes and white Vs less prominent or lacking, less neat scaly pattern especially on worn wingcoverts, and supercilium less prominent. male has coarsely mottled, not neatly streaked, breast-band. - Adult winter (extremely rare in Europe): Greybrown above, with dark feather centres more diffuse than on juvenile. - Juvenile: Upperpart feathers blackish-centred with rufous fringes, forming neat scaly pattern; white mantle- and scapular-Vs usually prominent; creamy, finely streaked supercilium.
VOICE: Flight-call a short, trilling, slightly throaty ‘krrrt’, a little like that of Curlew Sandpiper (or Baird’s) but deeper.

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